Water Related

Smart irrigation system for dense crops using FPGA

AP081

Shanmukh Srinivas D (Vellore Institute of Technology)

Oct 01, 2021 468 views

Smart irrigation system for dense crops using FPGA

The main focus is on a smart irrigation system which is a vital need in today’s world. The twenty-first century deals with technology and automation, making our lives easier, adaptable, and cost-effective. In our country, India is divided into two groups of people, the agro-based farmers whose livelihood depends on food production and on the other side the consumers who depend solely on the consumption of food produced by the farmers. Both have an interdependent link. India an agriculture-based country, it is very important that the methods used for agriculture are efficient to satisfy the increasing demand. This led to the origination of smart irrigation system which is one of the smartest methods used in agriculture. It provides an automatic irrigation of crop fields and does not require human involvement. It keeps the track of the water level as well as soil moisture content. This ensures the proper and healthy growth of plants. The major factor involving agriculture is the depletion of water which keeps on increasing day by day. The smart irrigation system also resolves this issue as the water is conserved by the automated water system consisting of a sensor that senses the climatic data such as humidity, soil moisture, and water level. The agriculture field is irrigated based on this data and water flow.

Project Proposal


1. High-level project introduction and performance expectation

Project Summary:

                         The main focus is on a smart irrigation system which is a vital need in today’s world. The twenty-first century deals with technology and automation, making our lives easier, adaptable, and cost-effective. In our country, India is divided into two groups of people, the agro-based farmers whose livelihood depends on food production and on the other side the consumers who depend solely on the consumption of food produced by the farmers. Both have an interdependent link. India an agriculture-based country, it is very important that the methods used for agriculture are efficient to satisfy the increasing demand. This led to the origination of smart irrigation system which is one of the smartest methods used in agriculture. It provides an automatic irrigation of crop fields and does not require human involvement. It keeps the track of the water level as well as soil moisture content. This ensures the proper and healthy growth of plants. The major factor involving agriculture is the depletion of water which keeps on increasing day by day. The smart irrigation system also resolves this issue as the water is conserved by the automated water system consisting of a sensor that senses the climatic data such as humidity, soil moisture, and water level. The agriculture field is irrigated based on this data and water flow.

Objective:

  • FPGA implementation of irrigation control system leads to the improvement in yield of the crops.
  • The system will monitor all the field parameters thus providing the necessary information to the farmers. It becomes very efficient to use in rural areas.
  • The use of FPGA facilitates the system for re-configurability and programmability according to different environmental conditions.
  • The usage of this FPGA enhances the application area of sensor networks in all agricultural environments by improving the speed of operation.
  • In future these collected fields parameters data can be send to the farmer through wireless networks.
  • High-level project introduction and performance expectation
  • The FPGA is employed to alter the water flow taking atmospheric conditions and moisture content in the soil into account. It enables the motor control circuit through the feedback system that effectively gauges the crop’s need.

2. Block Diagram

3. Expected sustainability results, projected resource savings

 

Expected sustainability results:

  • It will reduce the time to switch from one valve to another.
  • We don’t need to allocate time for visiting field and change valves due automation.
  • We will prevent excess or less water supply condition.
  • Optimization can lead more yield with less wastage.

Expected outcome:

  • Correct amount of water will be supplied to each field.
  • Each valve will be controlled automatically.
  • Water level will be maintained so crops will not face drought.

4. Design Introduction

5. Functional description and implementation

6. Performance metrics, performance to expectation

7. Sustainability results, resource savings achieved

8. Conclusion

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